See also: Dayuan. Wudiposthumous name shi of the autocratic Chinese emperor —87 bc who vastly increased the authority of the Han dynasty bc — ad and extended Chinese influence abroad. The Han take a large-scale census of their population. Zhang's accounts were compiled by Sima Qian in the 1st century BC. The capital is strategically located at the convergence of all major roads. Princeton University Press. Jang Chian. To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom. He died c. When Zhang finally made it to Yuezhi lands, he found that they were too settled to want war against the Xiongnu.
Today Zhang Qian's travels are associated with the major route of transcontinental trade, the Silk Road. Zhang Qian's accounts of his explorations of Central Asia are detailed in the Early Han historical chronicles, Records of the Grand Historian, compiled by Sima Qian in the 1st. Zhang Qian, Wade-Giles romanization Chang Ch’ien, (born, Chenggu [now in Shaanxi province], China—died bce), Chinese explorer, the first man to bring back a reliable account of the lands of Central Asia to the court of China.
Zhang Qian, Explorer Central Asia Timeline Index
He was dispatched by the Han dynasty emperor Wudi. Zhang Qian was a Chinese official and diplomat who served as an imperial envoy to the world outside of China in the late 2nd century BC during the Han.
Only small powerless chiefs remained, who were apparently vassals to the Yuezhi horde.
Later Chinese dynasties looked to the Han period as a model of government and imperial power. Zhang Qian also visited directly the area of Sogdiana Kangjuhome to the Sogdian nomads:.
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Their civilization was urban, almost identical to the civilizations of Anxi and Dayuan, and the population was numerous. He played an important pioneering role for the future Chinese conquest of lands west of Xinjiangincluding swaths of Central Asia and even lands south of the Hindu Kush see Protectorate of the Western Regions.
The name Dayuan is thought to be a transliteration of the word Yonathe Greek descendants that occupied the region from the 4th to the 2nd century BCE.
The Silk Road – Chronology of Selected Travelers Expedition Magazine
The conflict lasts for 15 years.
Zhang Qian is a Classical Era Great Merchant in Civilization VI. Increases Trade Route capacity by 1. Foreign Trade Routes to this city provide+2 Gold to both.
Han Dynasty Timeline Ancient History Encyclopedia
Zhang Qian, a determined explorer and a loyal diplomat in history of China, had experienced countless difficulties in opening up on the Silk Road.
Life of Cao CaoChinese military dictator and founder of the Wei state. Zhang and Ganfu as well as Zhang's Xiongnu wife and son were eventually able to escape and, passing Lop Nor and following the northern edge of the Tarim Basinaround the Kunlun Mountains and through small fortified areas in the middle of oases in what is now Xinjiang until they made their way to Dayuan and eventually to the land of the Yuezhi.
Following Zhang Qian's embassy and report, commercial relations between China and Central as well as Western Asia flourished, as many Chinese missions were sent throughout the end of the 2nd century BC and the 1st century BC, initiating the development of the Silk Road :.
Zoeng 1 Hin 1. He was the first official diplomat to bring back reliable information about Central Asia to the Chinese imperial court, then under Emperor Wu of Hanand played an important pioneering role in the Chinese colonisation and conquest of the region now known as Xinjiang.
He gathered information on ParthiaIndiaand other states in the area.
Zhang Qian's journeys had promoted a great variety of economic and cultural exchanges between the Han Dynasty and the Western Regions.
The Yellow Turban Rebellion threatens the capital.
The people of Dayuan were being portrayed as sophisticated urban dwellers similar to the Parthians and the Bactrians. After the sack of Chang'anLiu Xiu led his loyal officials to the city of Luoyangwhere the Chinese imperial capital was relocated.
The Shiji relates that "the emperor learned of the Dayuan, Daxia, Anxi, and the others, all great states rich in unusual products whose people cultivated the land and made their living in much the same way as the Chinese. Northwestern India was at time ruled by the Greeks, forming the Indo-Greek Kingdom 2nd century to 1st century BCEwhich explains the reported cultural similarity between Bactria and India.
Zhang Qian Biography Infoplease
Zhang Qian was born in Chenggu district just east of Hanzhong in the north central province of ShaanxiChina.
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|All these states, he was told, were militarily weak and prized Han goods and wealth".
Zhang Qian starts with a report on the first country he visited after his captivity among the XiongnuDayuanin Ferghanawest of the Tarim Basin.
In addition to traveling himself, he sent his assistant to visit the Fergana Valley UzbekistanBactria Afghanistanand Sogdiana west Turkestan, now in Uzbekistan. They are considered by him as sophisticated urban dwellers, on the same footing as the Parthian and the Bactrians. The question of links between the Yuezhi and the Tocharians of the Tarim is more controversial. Missing image ZhangQianIdeograms. A year or so later he died.